Crochet Stitch Abbreviations and Symbols: With How to Guide For Each


Each crochet pattern is full of short hand that is supposed to tell you exactly what to do to complete the project. If you don’t know the short hand (abbreviations), it is like reading a foreign language!


Wondering what that crochet stitch abbreviation stands for and what it means to actually DO? Or, do you get annoyed having to click back and forth between charts and descriptions/tutorials of stitches? In this post is a very inclusive chart that give the abbreviation, stitch name, written description of the stitch, stitch symbol (which would be found in a chart version of the pattern), and either a video of how to make the stitch!


My inclusive crochet stitch abbreviation and chart symbol table is based on information from The Craft Yarn Council which provides the standards for crochet abbreviations and symbols. I have compiled the information available into a single table to improve convenience and provide the BEST resource out there for you!

Following the chart, there is some additional information about variations you may see. I know it is LONG, bet I definitely recommend glancing at the information after the chart as well!

Crochet Stitch Abbreviation Chart

AbbreviationDefinitionDescription
(*yo will be used throughout to indicate “yarn over”)
Chart SymbolVideo Link
BL/BLO/tblback loop/back loop only/through back loopInsert your hook though only the back loop of the “V”. Stitch is otherwise worked as normal.
appears at base of stitch being worked
How To Crochet-Back Loop
bobobbleyo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch, yo and pull through 2 of the loops. Repeat 3-5 times (depending on the pattern description); then yo and pull through all loops on hook. *note that a true bobble stitch will have a single or half double crochet after it every time (if not, it is actually a cluster stitch)*
(symbol for repeated 3 times)
How To Crochet-Bobble Stitch
BPdcback post double crochetcompleted like a normal double crochet, except insert your hook from back to front on the right side of the post, wrap the hook around that post and go from front to back on the left side (instead of inserting hook through “V” at top of stitch)How To Crochet-Back Post Double Crochet
BPdtrback post double treble crochet*See BPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Back Post Double Treble Crochet
BPhdcback post half double crochet*See BPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Back Post Half Double Crochet
BPscback post single crochet*See BPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Back Post Single Crochet
BPtrback post treble crochet*See BPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Back Post Treble Crochet
chchain stitchyo, pull through loop on hookHow To Crochet-Chain Stitch
CLclusterFor half double crochet cluster: yo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch. Repeat 3-5 times (depending on the pattern description); then yo and pull through all loops on hook.
(symbol for half double crochet cluster)
How To Crochet-Cluster Stitch
dcdouble crochetyo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch, (yo and pull through 2 loops on hook), repeat () 1 timeHow To Crochet-Double Crochet
dc2togdouble crochet 2 stitches togetheryo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch, yo and pull through 2 loops on hook; yo, insert hook into the following stitch, yo, pull through stitch, yo pull through 2 loops, yo pull through rest of loops on hookHow To Crochet-Double Crochet 2 Together
dtrdouble treble crochetyo 3 times, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch (yo, draw through 2 loops on hook), repeat () 3 more timesHow To Crochet-Double Treble Crochet
edcextended double crochetyo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stich, yo, pull through 1 loop, (yo, pull through 2 loops), repeated () 1 more timeNoneHow To Crochet-Extended Double Crochet
ehdcextended half double crochetyo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stich, yo, pull through 1 loop, yo, pull through last 3 loops on hookNoneHow To Crochet-Extended Half Double Crochet
escextended single crochetInsert hook into stitch, yo and through stitch, yo, pull through 1 loop, yo, pull through last 2 loops on hookHow To Crochet-Extended Single Crochet
etrextended treble crochetyo 2 times, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stich, yo, pull through 1 loop, (yo, pull through 2 loops), repeated () 2 more timesNoneHow To Crochet-Extended Treble Crochet
FL/FLOfront loop/front loop onlyInsert your hook though only the front loop of the “V”. Stitch is otherwise worked as normal.
appears at base of stitched being worked
How To Crochet-Front Loop
FPdcfront post double crochetInsert your hook from front to back on the right side of the post, wrap the hook around that post and come from back to front on the left side.How To Crochet-Front Post Double Crochet
FPdtrfront post double treble crochet*See FPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Front Post Double Treble Crochet
FPhdcfront post half double crochet*See FPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Front Post Half Double Crochet
FPscfront post single crochet*See FPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Front Post Single Crochet
FPtrfront post treble crochet*See FPdc descriptionHow To Crochet-Front Post Treble Crochet
hdchalf double crochetyo, insert hook into stitch , yo and pull through stitch, yo and pull through all 3 loops on hookHow To Crochet-Half Double Crochet
hdc2toghalf double crochet 2 stitches togetheryo, insert hook into stitch , yo and pull through stitch; yo, insert hook into the following stitch, yo and pull through stitch, yo, pull through all 5 loops on hookHow To Crochet-Half Double Crochet 2 Together
pcpopcorn stitch5 double crochet indicated stitch, drop loop from hook, insert hook from front to back through first stitch, place dropped loop on hook, draw loop through first stitch.How To Crochet-Popcorn Stitch
Picot (no abbreviation)Picotchain 3, insert hook back into the center of the base stitch (the one right under your chain 3), yo and pull through all loops on hookHow To Crochet-Picot Stitch
ps or puffpuff stitchyo, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch, (yo, insert hook in same stitch, yo and pull through stitch), repeat () 2 more times, yo, and draw through all loops on hook
symbol for 3 half double puff stitch
How To Crochet-Puff Stitch
scsingle crochetinsert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch, yo and pull through 2 loops on hookHow To Crochet-Single Crochet
sc2togsingle crochet 2 stitches togetherinsert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch; insert hook into the following stitch, yo and pull through stitch, , yo and pull through all 3 loops on hookHow To Crochet-Single Crochet 2 Together
shshellCan vary based on pattern, follow instructions in pattern. “Standard shell”= work 5 double crochets inserting your hook into the same stitch or space for each one
symbol for 5 double crochet shell
How To Crochet-Shell Stitch
sl stslip stitchinsert hook into indicated stitch, yo and draw through stitch and 1 loop on hookHow To Crochet-Slip Stitch
tch or t-chturning chaincomplete as many chain stitches as indicated in the pattern. If not specified it is 1 for single crochet, 2 for half double crochet, 3 for double crochet, 4 for treble crochet, etc. 
symbol for “chain 3” turning chain
trtreble crochetyo 2 times, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch (yo, pull through 2 loops), repeat () 2 more timesHow To Crochet-Treble Crochet
tr2togtreble crochet 2 stitches togetheryo 2 times, insert hook into stitch, yo and pull through stitch (yo, pull through 2 loops), repeat () 1 more time [2 loops left on hook]; yo 2 times, insert hook into following stitch, yo pull through stitch, (yo, pull through 2 loops), repeat () 1 more time, yo pull through last 3 loops on hookHow To Crochet-Treble Crochet 2 Together
trtrtriple treble crochetyo 4 times, insert hook in st, yo and pull through stitch, (yo, pull through 2 loops} repeated () 4 more timesHow To Crochet-Triple Treble Crochet

Variations to the Above Crochet Stitch Abbreviation Chart

US versus UK stitch terminology

It is important to note that this chart is for US crochet terminology! UK terminology is different. Here is a chart from The Craft Yarn Council that indicates those differences.

Abbreviation & Term Differences between the United States (U.S.), Canada, and United Kingdom (U.K.)

U.S./CanadaU.K.
slip stitch (sl st)slip stitch (ss)
single crochet (sc)double crochet (dc)
half double crochet (hdc)half treble (htr)
double crochet (dc)treble (tr)
treble (tr)double treble (dtr)
double treble (dtr)triple treble (trtr)
from The Craft Yarn Council

So, basically the US and UK stitches are called something different, even though they are worked the exact same way. If you pattern indicates that it is written using UK terms, you will need to “convert” it if you use my chart.

So, for example, if the UK pattern says “tr” or “treble crochet,” you will want to look at “dc-double crochet” on my chart.

Pattern to pattern variations

A pattern may use slightly different abbreviations. The main variation you will see is in capitalization, which isn’t too bad to figure out (e.g. DC equals dc).

Sometimes a pattern will use a completely different abbreviation. Typically, at the beginning or end of the pattern it will provide a “glossary” for the abbreviations used. ALWAYS defer to the pattern’s abbreviation list, especially for special stitches (such as bobble, picot, shell, etc.)

If the pattern does not specify what the abbreviation means, defer to the standards set by The Craft Yarn Council (used for my chart).

Also, a pattern may use a certain abbreviation, but mean a different stitch. The most common for this variation is between the bobble, cluster, puff, and popcorn stitches. Provided in my chart stitch descriptions are the standard way to make each of these stitches, but often patterns will use them interchangeably.

Typically, for these types of stitches, the pattern will describe how the designer completed the stitch. Hopefully, this is the case. It will usually be under a “special stitches” type of heading. Again, ALWAYS defer to the pattern’s description since that is what the designer used (even if it is “wrong”).

Other Crochet Terminology

There are a ton of other crochet abbreviations and terminology that does not describe a stitch. You will need to know this information when reading a pattern as well.

Hop over to my follow-up post, “Decoding the Jargon: Common Crochet Terminology and What It Means,” to find that information!


I hope that this clarified some things and provides you with a great resource that you can save and always come back to! If you think of any other questions about crochet stitch abbreviations, drop me a comment, and I will answer the best I can!


Now it is time for YOU to get Crafty with Ashy! Go grab a pattern and crochet away!!


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